英语热词 | 中央军委举行授予荣誉称号仪式、晋升上将军衔警衔仪式

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中央军委授予荣誉称号仪式7月31日在京隆重举行。中央军委主席习近平向1名获得荣誉称号的个人颁授奖章和证书,向3个获得荣誉称号的单位颁授奖旗。

The title "Heroic Demining Soldier" was awarded to Du Fuguo, who in an operation October last year lost his eyesight and both hands trying to protect his fellow soldiers from a landmine explosion.
授予陆军某扫雷排爆大队战士杜富国“排雷英雄战士”荣誉称号。2018年10月,杜富国在排雷时为保护战友英勇负伤,双目失明、失去双手。

The three military units honored are an air force group, an astronautical ground station and a scientific research office.
授予荣誉称号的三个单位分别是空军某大队、某航天地面设备站以及某科研室。

中央军委主席习近平日前签署通令,给4名个人、1个单位记功。

Wang Dong, a professor with the Naval University of Engineering, Hou Lijun, a professor and director of the neurosurgery department of the second hospital affiliated to the former Second Military Medical University, and He Yuanzhi, a researcher with the Academy of Military Sciences, were honored with first-class merit citations.
给海军工程大学某研究所教授王东,原第二军医大学第二附属医院神经外科主任、主任医师、教授侯立军,军事科学院系统工程研究院某研究所研究员何元智记一等功。

Hu Changhua, a professor with the Rocket Force University of Engineering, was awarded a third-class merit citation.
给火箭军工程大学导弹工程学院204教研室教授胡昌华记三等功。

Troop 96717 of the People's Liberation Army was honored with a second-class merit citation.
给96717部队记二等功。

  • “给...记功”可以用award someone a merit citation或者honor someone with a merit citation,上面例句中的主语都是获得这些荣誉的人,所以使用了被动语态。此外,我们原来说过“授旗”用confer a flag to表示,其实,这里的“授予荣誉”也可以用confer a merit citation to someone表示。
  • Merit citation这个表达可以分开来看,merit指一个人或者集体的功绩,而citation则是对于这一功绩的官方认可(an official document or speech which praises a person for something brave or special that they have done)。

中央军委晋升上将军衔警衔仪式31日在北京八一大楼隆重举行。中央军委主席习近平向晋升上将军衔警衔的军官警官颁发命令状。

Ten senior Chinese military and armed police officers have been promoted to the rank of general, the highest rank for officers in active service in China.
十位军官警官晋升为上将军衔警衔,上将是我国现役部队中的最高级别。

陆军、空军(Army and Air Force)

  • 上将
    General
  • 中将
    Lieutenant General
  • 少将
    Major General
  • 大校
    Senior Colonel
  • 上校
    Colonel
  • 中校
    Lieutenant Colonel
  • 少校
    Major
  • 上尉
    Captain
  • 中尉
    Lieutenant
  • 少尉
    Second Lieutenant

海军(Navy)

  • 上将
    Admiral
  • 中将
    Vice-Admiral
  • 少将
    Rear Admiral
  • 大校
    Senior Captain
  • 上校
    Captain
  • 中校
    Commander
  • 少校
    Lieutenant Commander
  • 上尉
    Lieutenant
  • 中尉
    Lieutenant Junior Grade
  • 少尉
    Ensign

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