The guideline aims to develop an education system that will foster citizens with an all-round moral, intellectual, physical and aesthetic grounding, in addition to a hard-working spirit, according to the document.
According to the guideline, compulsory education should emphasize the effectiveness of moral education with efforts on cultivating ideals and faith, core socialist values, China's fine traditional culture, ecological civilization and mental health.
The document stressed elevating intellectual grounding level to develop the cognitive ability and stimulate the sense of innovation of the students.
It also called for strengthening physical education, enhancing aesthetic training with more art curriculums and activities, and encouraging students to participate in more physical work to boost their hard-working spirit.
Heuristic and interactive methods in teaching are encouraged to inspire students to think and ask questions.
More information technology should be integrated into school teaching, it said, specifically calling for more free and high-quality educational resources in rural and remote areas.
The guideline demands "high-quality and professional" teaching personnel, proposing more training to strengthen teachers' teaching fundamentals and work ethics, as well as improved salaries and benefits.
School principals are asked to shoulder more responsibilities and play better roles in improving education quality.
National curriculum schemes issued by the central authority should not be replaced by local and school- based curriculum, said the guideline.
Exam-free access to nearby primary and secondary schools should cover all school-age children, and schools are encouraged to promote the well-rounded development of students, the guideline said.
The country will secure the fiscal investment for compulsory education and motivate schools with higher education quality to help ordinary schools to achieve balanced compulsory education, according to the guideline.
It also demands strengthened Party leadership over compulsory education reform and more guidance to parents for better family education.
- 义务教育 compulsory education
- 应试教育 exam-oriented education
- 民办学校 private school
- 基础教育 basic education
- 教书育人 impart knowledge and cultivate people
- 教育公平 education equality