小词详解 | deadlock

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小词详解 | 没有弹簧的锁是一种怎样的局面?
deadlock 英 [?dedl?k] 美 [?dedlɑ?k]

SAT TEM8 GRE

外刊例句

  • The best way to break the?deadlock?would be for the West to arm and train selected rebels, as it should have done almost from the start of the violence.
    打破僵局的最好办法是西方武装和训练精挑细选的反对派,战争开始之初就应该这样做。
    ——《经济学人》
  • But he has failed to find a negotiated end to the?deadlock, which has paralyzed the capital and left his government badly weakened.
    但是他没能通过谈判途径打破僵局,首都已经因此陷入瘫痪,他的政府被大幅削弱。
    ——《纽约时报》

基本释义

[noun] a complete failure to reach agreement or settle an argument
[名词] 完全未能达成协议或解决争议

深入解读

在英式英语中,deadlock作名词指的是“没有弹簧的锁(a springless lock that opens with a key)”,这个含义最早出现于1808年。而早在1779年,deadlock就被用于表示“僵局”或者“僵持(complete standstill)”,始见于英国剧作家谢丽丹(Richard B. Sheridan,1751—1816)所作的《批评家》(The Critic,1779)一剧:

I have them all at a?dead lock! For every one of them is afraid to let go first!
我使他们陷入了僵局!因为他们每个人都害怕先放弃。

影视用例

小词详解 | 没有弹簧的锁是一种怎样的局面?

出自2013美国灾难动作电影《惊天危机》(White House Down)。该片讲述美国白宫被恐怖分子占领,一名普通的警察躲在白宫中偷偷将美国总统救出白宫的故事。其故事题材与同年电影《奥林匹斯的陷落》(Olympus Has Fallen)类似。

同近义词

  • stalemate: a situation in which neither side in an argument or contest can win or in which no progress is possible
  • impasse: a difficult situation in which no progress can be made because the people involved cannot agree what to do
  • standoff: a stalemate or deadlock between two equally matched opponents in a dispute or conflict

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