英语写作 | 不可小觑的consult

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The verb “consult” has three different meanings and accordingly behaves in three different ways. It is important to ensure your grammar and sentence structure match the meaning you intend.
单词consult有三个不同的意思,相对应地也有三种不同的用法。在使用时,要确保每种用法的语法和句式结构都能对应的上,而且用的正确。

1. “Consult”usually means “to seek advice or information”. It is a transitive verb, which means it needs an object.
一、consult表示“寻求意见或信息”。这时,consult作及物动词,需要加宾语。

WRONG
错误用法:

  • Would the employer be obliged to consult before reducing pay?
    雇主在减薪前需要先咨询吗?

RIGHT
正确用法:

  • Would the employer be obliged to consult the employee representatives before reducing pay?
    雇主在减薪前需要先咨询员工代表吗?

You can also consult a dictionary, an encyclopedia, or any other written reference.
你也可以向字典、百科全书或者任何书面文献寻求信息。

  • If you don’t know how to spell a word, consult a dictionary.
    如果你不知道怎么拼写单词,你可以去查字典。

Always put the person or thing being consulted after the word “consult”:
consult作及物动词时,一定要在consult后加某人或某物。

WRONG
错误用法:

  • We recommend consulting the transaction with the works council.
    我们建议向工会咨询交易事项。

RIGHT
正确用法:

  • We recommend consulting the works council about the transaction.
    我们建议向工会咨询有关交易的事项。

In sentences like this, consult with is incorrect. Instead use about or for.
在consult后要加介词的话,用with是不正确的,可以用about或者for代替。

You consult somebody about …
你可以向某人咨询......

  • The employer must consult the employee representatives about reducing pay.
    雇主必须向员工代表咨询减薪事宜。

You consult something for …
你可以向某物寻求信息......

  • He consulted the company website for information on internships.
    他在该公司的网页上找实习工作的相关信息。

2. You can only use consult with when “consult”means “discuss something in order to make a decision”. In this case it is an intransitive verb, so you cannot write anything between the words “consult”and “with”:
二、当你用consult表示“讨论某事以便做决定”的意思时,你可以在consult后用介词with,因为这时consult是不及物动词,你不可以在consult和with之间加任何内容。

  • He consulted with his lawyer for 15 minutes before returning to the meeting.
    在他回去开会之前,他向律师咨询了15分钟。

3. “To consult”can also mean “to act as a consultant”. In this case it is also an intransitive verb. It may be followed by “for”:
三、“to consult”也可以表示“作为一名顾问”的意思。这种用法,consult也是不及物动词,后面可加介词for。

  • He retired last year, but still consults for his old firm.
    他去年退休了,不过仍然在为老东家做顾问。

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