Sometimes it’s hard to let go.
For many Britons, that can apply to institutions and objects that represent their country’s past power and glory — stately homes, the monarchy … and red phone boxes.
Battered first by the march of technology and lately by the elements in junkyards, the iconic phone boxes are now staging something of a comeback. Repurposed in imaginative ways, many have reappeared on city streets and village greens housing tiny cafes, cellphone repair shops or even defibrillator machines.
The original cast-iron boxes with the domed roofs, called?Kiosk No. 2or K2, first appeared in 1926. They were designed by?Giles Gilbert Scott, the architect of the Battersea Power Station in London and Liverpool Cathedral. After becoming a staple on many British streets, the booths began disappearing in the 1980s, with the privatization of British Telecom and the rise of the mobile phone?consigning most of them to the scrap heap.
最初的圆顶铸铁电话亭被称为2号电话亭（Kiosk No. 2）或K2，最早出现在1926年，由设计了伦敦巴特西发电站（Battersea Power Station）和利物浦大教堂（Liverpool Cathedral）的建筑师吉尔斯·吉尔伯特·斯科特（Giles Gilbert Scott）设计。在成为英国许多街道上的标志后，这些电话亭在20世纪80年代开始消失。随着英国电信业私有化和移动电话的兴起，大部分电话亭被送到了废品场。
About that time, Tony Inglis’s engineering and transport company got the job to remove phone boxes from the streets and auction them off. But he ended up buying hundreds of them himself, with the idea of renovating and selling them.
That might have seemed like a crazy idea back then. “They are so much against the times,” Mr. Inglis said in a recent interview. “They are everything that you wouldn’t do today. They’re big, heavy.”
But Mr. Inglis said he had heard the calls to preserve the kiosks and had seen how some of them were?listed as historic buildings. He said he had been convinced that he could make a business of restoring them, and he was soon proved right.
在英国电信在20世纪80年代被私有化之后，一些新型号电话亭取代了最初的设计，但有一部分仍然是红色的，比如伦敦南部的这些电话亭。?ANDREW TESTA FOR THE NEW YORK TIMES
Britain has a penchant for conserving its heritage, of course. “We are obsessed with the old, and that’s because our experience of the modern world has been bruising,” Dan Snow, a well-known historian and broadcaster, said. “If you look around at the things that people are very nostalgic for, they are things that remind older people of our imperial and hegemonic past.”
That desire also drives much tourism to the country and famous buildings are often high on the lists of visitors. “We’ve got quite pressing economic reasons to celebrate our history,” Mr. Snow said.
As Mr. Inglis and, later, other entrepreneurs, got to work, retooled phone boxes began reappearing in cities and villages as people found new uses for them. Today, they are once again a familiar sight, fulfilling roles that are often just as important for the community as their original purpose.
In rural areas, where ambulances can take a relatively long time to arrive, the kiosks have taken on a lifesaving role. Local organizations can adopt them from BT for 1 pound, or just over a dollar, and?install defibrillators?to help in emergencies.
“The defibrillator is a good idea, because they’re in a prominent place,” Mr. Inglis said. “It’s just there in the back of your mind and the one time you need it you’ll think, ‘There’s one on the village green!’”
Others also looked at the phone boxes and saw business opportunities in those cramped spaces. LoveFone, a company that advocates repairing cellphones rather than disposing of them,?opened a mini workshop in a?London kiosk?in 2016.
In addition to being eye-catching, the tiny shops made economic sense, according to Robert Kerr, a co-founder of LoveFone. He said that one of the boxes generated around $13,500 in revenue a month and only cost around $400 to rent.
Mr. Inglis said phone boxes evoked an era when things were built to last and to be useful. Early models, for example, had mirrors and little shelves to rest an umbrella or a parcel on.
“I think they are an honest construction,” Mr. Inglis said. “I like what they are to people, and I enjoy bringing things back.”