词源趣谈 | 单词silhouette的由来

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What is the origin of the word ‘silhouette’?
单词silhouette的由来

étienne de?Silhouette?(1709–67) was a French author and politician. Why he gave his name to the dark?outline?of something against a brighter background remains?obscure. One account says that the word?ridiculed?the petty economies?Silhouette?introduced while holding the office of Controller General, while another refers to the shortness of his occupancy of that post. A scholarly French dictionary suggested that?Silhouette?himself made outline?portraitswith which he decorated the walls of his?chateau?at Bry-sur-Marne. More than two centuries on, we shall probably never know the truth.
Silhouette /s?lu???t/ 一词指“剪影”,“(浅色背景衬托出的)暗色轮廓”。该词取自一位法国作家和政治家的名字,即étienne de Silhouette(1709–67)。为何使用他的名字,这仍然是个迷。一个说法是,该词是嘲笑他在1759年担任总干事时引入的小经济体架构,也有人认为是指他的短暂任期。一本学术性的法国词典解释到,Silhouette画出自己的轮廓肖像,用这些肖像来装饰他的城堡墙面。两个多世纪过去了,我们可能永远不会知道真相到底如何。

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