中国关键词 | “大部制”英语怎么说?

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“大部制”
The system of “larger government departments”

“大部制”即为大部门体制,即在政府的部门设置中,将那些职能相近的部门、业务范围趋同的事项相对集中,由一个部门统一管理,最大限度地避免政府职能交叉、政出多门、多头管理,从而提高行政效率,降低行政成本。
Under the system of creating “larger government departments”, departments with similar functions and business areas are merged so that they no longer have overlapping functions, formulate their own policies or manage the same areas. This will improve the efficiency of administrative services and reduce administrative costs.

中国的大部门体制改革始于2008年,中央及各地采取了一系列措施推行大部制改革。2012年11月,中共十八大报告要求”稳步推进大部门制改革,健全部门职责体系”。2013年3月14日,十二届全国人大一次会议表决通过了关于国务院机构改革和职能转变方案的决定,国务院组成部门调整为25个。
This system was first introduced in 2008 when central and local governments carried out reforms to form “larger departments”. The political report delivered at the 18th National Congress of the CPC in November 2012 called for efforts to “steadily advance reform to merge government departments and improve division of functions among them.” On March 14, 2013, the First Session of the 12th NPC voted to approve the decision on the institutional reform and functional transformation of the State Council, which cut the number of departments of the State Council to 25.

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