中国关键词 | “国家治理体系和治理能力现代化”英语怎么说?

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国家治理体系和治理能力现代化
Modernizing China’s governance system and capacity for governance

国家治理体系和治理能力是一个国家制度和制度执行能力的集中体现。国家治理体系是在中国共产党领导下管理国家的制度体系,包括经济、政治、文化、社会、生态文明和党的建设等各领域体制机制、法律法规安排,也就是一整套紧密相连、相互协调的国家制度。
A country’s governance system and governance capacity are very much reflective of that country’s institutions and its ability to implement them. China’s governance system is an institutional system under the leadership of the CPC by which the country is governed. It is comprised of institutions, mechanisms, laws and regulations regarding economics, politics, culture, society, ecological progress, and Party building. It means a complete set of closely connected and coordinated state institutions.

国家治理能力则是运用国家制度管理社会各方面事务的能力,包括改革发展稳定、内政外交国防、治党治国治军等各个方面。国家治理体系和治理能力是一个有机整体,相辅相成,有了好的国家治理体系才能提高治理能力,提高国家治理能力才能充分发挥国家治理体系的效能。
China’s governance capacity is its actual ability to manage all affairs in Chinese society, including reform, development, and stability; internal affairs, foreign relations, and national defense; and Party, state and military affairs, through state institutions. China’s governance system and governance capacity complement each other and form an organic whole. A good governance system is necessary to improve governance capacity, and improving governance capacity is requisite for a governance system to achieve maximum effectiveness.

推进国家治理体系和治理能力现代化,就是要适应时代变化,既改革不适应实践发展要求的体制机制、法律法规,又不断构建新的体制机制、法律法规,使各方面制度更加科学、更加完善,实现党、国家、社会各项事务治理制度化、规范化、程序化。
To modernize it governance system and governance capacity, China needs to adapt to changing times by reforming institutions, mechanisms, laws and regulations that fail to keep pace with the development of praxis, while at the same time establishing new ones, so that all of our institutions are more rational and robust, and the governance of Party, state, and social affairs is more institutionalized, standardized and procedure-based.

要更加注重治理能力建设,增强按制度办事、依法办事意识,善于运用制度和法律治理国家,把各方面制度优势转化为管理国家的效能,提高党科学执政、民主执政、依法执政水平。
China needs to work harder to improve its governance capacity, be more mindful of the need to act on the basis of institutions and in accordance with the law, and make better use of institutions and laws in governing the country. It needs to use all the strength of its system to make its governance more effective, and enhance the Party’s capacity to govern scientifically, democratically, and in accordance with the law.

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