Modernizing China’s governance system and capacity for governance
A country’s governance system and governance capacity are very much reflective of that country’s institutions and its ability to implement them. China’s governance system is an institutional system under the leadership of the CPC by which the country is governed. It is comprised of institutions, mechanisms, laws and regulations regarding economics, politics, culture, society, ecological progress, and Party building. It means a complete set of closely connected and coordinated state institutions.
China’s governance capacity is its actual ability to manage all affairs in Chinese society, including reform, development, and stability; internal affairs, foreign relations, and national defense; and Party, state and military affairs, through state institutions. China’s governance system and governance capacity complement each other and form an organic whole. A good governance system is necessary to improve governance capacity, and improving governance capacity is requisite for a governance system to achieve maximum effectiveness.
To modernize it governance system and governance capacity, China needs to adapt to changing times by reforming institutions, mechanisms, laws and regulations that fail to keep pace with the development of praxis, while at the same time establishing new ones, so that all of our institutions are more rational and robust, and the governance of Party, state, and social affairs is more institutionalized, standardized and procedure-based.
China needs to work harder to improve its governance capacity, be more mindful of the need to act on the basis of institutions and in accordance with the law, and make better use of institutions and laws in governing the country. It needs to use all the strength of its system to make its governance more effective, and enhance the Party’s capacity to govern scientifically, democratically, and in accordance with the law.