向英语学习者讲话 | Reading to Learn the Art of Expression 为了学习表达的艺术而阅读

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Reading to Learn the Art of Expression
为了学习表达的艺术而阅读

When you read a short story, you may read it merely for pleasure. When you read a biographical sketch, you may read it merely for information. But as you are a learner of English, I think you should often read to learn the art of expression. And for this purpose you may read either a short story or a biographical sketch, either an essay or a news item, indeed, anything that is written in good current English.
当你读一篇短篇小说时,你可能只为了乐趣而读它。当你读一篇传略时,你可能只为了知识而读它。但因为你是英语学习者,我认为你该时常为了学习表达的艺术而阅读。而且为了这个目的,你可能读短篇小说或传略、读杂文或新闻,以及任何用好的当代英语写成的东西。

Even from a short paragraph you may learn several forms of expression if you are observant enough. Try to read the following paragraphs from BBC Modern English1 and notice the points of usage listed below:
假使你善于观察的话,即使读一小段,你也可能学到好几个表达方式。试着读下面《英国广播公司现代英语》的几段文字,注意下列的各点惯用法:(指英语原文,不指译文。)

Over 100 years ago she opened the first British hospital for women. There are still very few of these hospitals in England. This hospital is in Euston Road in London. Its situation means that women from all over England can reach it quite easily.
一百多年以前,她开办了第一家专为妇女服务的英国医院。在英格兰这种医院现在还很少。这家医院在伦敦的尤斯顿路上。它的位置意味着全英格兰的妇女能够十分容易地到达。

Her aim when she opened the hospital was to provide a place where women could go and receive treatment from female doctors and nurses. She also wanted the hospital to provide jobs for female doctors at a time when it was very difficult for them to find work. Recently the authorities have tried to close the hospital. They say that it is old-fashioned and wastes a lot of money. However, the Government has decided that the hospital will stay open. Many people feel very glad that the valuable service offered by this hospital will continue.
当她开办这家医院时,她的目的是向妇女们提供一个能够受到女医生和女护士医疗的地方。她也想这家医院在女医生们很难找到工作的一个时期内为她们提供职位。近来当局曾经企图关闭这家医院。他们说它又老式又非常浪费钱。可是政府已经决定让这家医院继续开着。许多人为这家医院所提供的有价值的服务将继续下去而感到很高兴。

1.“Over” More than.

2.“in Euston Road” “in … Road”.

3.“means that …” “Means” takes an object clause introduced by “that”.

4.“from all over England” “all over England” “from all over England”.

5.“receive treatment”. Patients receive treatment.

6.“wanted the hospital to provide …”

“We want them to do it”.

7.“at a time when …” “at a time when …”

8.“Recently the authorities have tried.”

The present perfect is here used with “recently”.

9.“the Government has” “the Government” can be considered singular.

10.“decided that …” “Decide(d)” takes an object clause introduced by “that”.

11.“stay open”. “Stay” can be a copulative verb.

In this way you will learn the art of expression very quickly; perhaps one or two paragraphs a day will teach you hundreds of forms of expression in a month, and these forms of expression will greatly improve your writing. And if you can—I believe you can—commit to memory2 one or two paragraphs a day that you have already read in this way, the results will be still greater.
用这个方法,你将很快地学习表达的艺术,也许每天一两段的积累会在一个月内教会你几百个表达方式,而这些表达方式将大大改进你的写作。而且要是你能够——我相信你能够——每天把已经用这个方法读过的一两段文字记入心中,效果就将更好。

NOTES

  1. BBC Modern English 英国杂志名(BBC=British Broadcasting Corporation)
  2. commit to memory 把……牢记

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