向英语学习者讲话 | Make Another Dictionary of Your Own 编写另一本你自己的词典

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Make Another Dictionary of Your Own
编写另一本你自己的词典

Some time ago I suggested that every learner of English could make his own dictionary of usage. I have since thought of another kind of dictionary that every student of English could make for his own use. For want of a better name1, I think we may as well2 call it a topic3 dictionary. I mean a dictionary in which a certain number of topics are arranged in alphabetical order and useful phrases and sentences about each topic are grouped together. For instance, under the topic “books” may be grouped phrases and sentences having to do with4 books but not necessarily containing the word “book(s)”.
一段时间以前我说过每个英语学习者都可以编写他自己的惯用法词典。后来我想到每个英语学习者也可以编写为他自己用的另一种词典。因为没有一个更好的名称,我想我们不妨叫它题目词典。我指的是这样的一本词典——里面按照字母次序排列着若干题目,把关于每个题目的有用的短语和句子聚集在一起。举例来说,在“books”这个题目下可以聚集着关于书的短语和句子,但不必每个短语或句子中都有“book(s)”这个词。

This can be done by reading and making notes. It is not necessary to copy the phrases and sentences. It is enough to jot down5 the page number and the line number, and give one or two words as a hint. In this way, any book may be turned into a topic dictionary by merely providing it with a topic index. And several such dictionaries may be turned into a fairly complete topic dictionary.
这件事可以用阅读和作笔记的方法来干。没必要把短语和句子抄下。把页数和行数记下,再写出一两个词作为暗示就够了。这样一来,任何书可以只给它作一个题目索引从而使它变成一本题目词典。若干本这样的词典可以变成一本相当完备的题目词典。

What I call a topic dictionary does not seem ever to have appeared in this country before. I wonder why nobody has even thought of compiling one. It would be of great use to all who write English. For we are often at a loss for6 the right expression about a certain topic, and an ordinary dictionary cannot meet our need.
我所说的题目词典在我国似乎未曾出现过。我不知道为什么没有人想到过编写一本。这种词典对于所有写英语的人将是大有用处的。因为我们时常想不起来关于某个题目的正确表达方式,而一般的词典不能满足我们的需要。

I wish I could have time to carry out my own suggestion!
但愿我能够有时间来完成自己的建议!

NOTES

  1. For want of a better name 因为没有一个更好的名称
  2. may as well 不妨
  3. topic 题目
  4. having to do with 跟……有关系的
  5. jot down 录下
  6. at a loss for 想不着……的;想不起来……的

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