英语写作时你要忘掉这23个单词和短语

更多精彩,请关注微信公众号:田间小站

在阅读英文内容的时候,你是否会因为作者写的不清不楚而百思不得其解?又或者你写的东西是否会经常被你的读者误解?这很有可能是英语写作时凌乱塞满了填充词(filler words)所致,就好比一张桌子上乱七八糟地堆满了杂物。冗长杂乱的写作将使你的读者难以轻松领会你的意图。

正如马克·吐温所言:

I didn’t have time to write a short letter, so I wrote a long one instead.
我没时间写出简洁的信,所以只好写一封长信给你。

英语写作时你要忘掉这23个单词和短语_我没时间写出简洁的信,所以只好写一封长信给你

写一封短信需要绞尽脑汁,精炼语言,倾注深刻丰富的情感,而写一封长信则可以想到什么写什么,洋洋洒洒就是几千字,反而不怎么花时间。对于一封信而言,过多旁枝末节的句子反而容易将信的主题带跑偏;对于一句话而言,多余的单词和短语也将起到同样的作用,令读者费解。

一、模糊限制语(hedging words)

人们喜欢使用模糊限制语来使自己的语气显得不那么强势,然而一旦使用了之后往往会让你的句子空洞无力。虽然有时候模糊限制语在表达的时候能够体现细微不同的含义,如slightly overweight可以比overweight表达出更精准的含义,但如果你并不需要多这么一层意思的话,用了只会削弱你的文字爆发力。

  • Slightly
    I’m?slightly?annoyed by Kate’s repeated tardiness.
  • Sort of, Kind of
    Their plan was?kind of?short-sighted.
  • Rather, somewhat
    The play was?rather?interesting.
  • Quite
    His car is?quite?fast.
  • Probably
    We should?probably?wait to send that email until we have final approval.
  • As a rule
    As a rule,?Cats prefer to sleep in warm, comfortable places.

二、介词短语(prepositional phrases)

介词用于表达一个事物与另一个事物的时间或者位置关系,如方位(over?the hedge)、时间(since?yesterday morning)、地点(at?the bank)以及空间(under?the stairs)。介词短语就是包含着介词、介词对象以及该对象的修饰词的一组词。

一些介词短语不仅能让句子变得杂乱,甚至还可以使得句子听起来过于正式和古板,就像下面这些惯犯( frequent offenders)。

  • With regard to / In reference to
    I’m writing?in reference to?about Jimmy’s latest report card.
  • As to whether
    She?inquired as to whether?asked whether they would have enough silverware for the party.
  • At all times
    Look both ways?at all times?before proceeding through an intersection.
  • In terms of
    She’s good in terms of writing.?She’s a good writer.
  • In the event of
    Please give 24-hours notice?in the event of a cancellation?to cancel.
  • In the process of
    We’re?in the process of?moving next week.

三、行话(jargon)

众所周知,商业写作里充满了行话,它们的存在使得商业文件更具形式感和专业性。然而,在没有下面这些填充词和行话短语的情况下,商业沟通将变得更加清晰直接。

  • Due to the fact that / In fact
    Due to the fact that there was a snowstorm?Because of the snowstorm, they were closed for the day.
  • Definitely
    I would?definitely?like to attend the meeting.
  • Has the ability to
    She?has the ability to?can make great contributions to the program.
  • I believe / In my opinion
    I believe?We can make that happen.
  • Needless to say
    Needless to say,?James excelled at his job.
  • It’s important to note that
    It’s important to note that?Business communication should be clear and concise.

打赏

微信赞赏支付宝赞赏